By Stephen P. Schwartz
A short historical past of Analytic Philosophy: From Russell to Rawls provides a complete evaluate of the old improvement of all significant elements of analytic philosophy, the dominant Anglo-American philosophical culture within the 20th century.
- Features insurance of all of the significant topic parts and figures in analytic philosophy - together with Wittgenstein, Bertrand Russell, G.E. Moore, Gottlob Frege, Carnap, Quine, Davidson, Kripke, Putnam, and lots of others
- Contains explanatory history fabric to assist clarify technical philosophical concepts
- Includes listings of advised additional readings
- Written in a transparent, direct sort that presupposes little earlier wisdom of philosophy
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Extra info for A brief history of analytic philosophy : from Russell to Rawls
Moore made simplicity, clarity, and careful non-technical analysis respectable in philosophy. The logical positivists, the subject of the next chapter, were influenced by Russell but not much by Moore. The logical positivists took from Russell, or shared with him, a logicist analysis of mathematics, but rejected any form of platonism. The logical positivists prized Russell's Principia Mathematica and the revolution in logic that it represented. Perhaps the greatest cultural affinity that the positivists had with Moore and Russell was the rejection of the excesses of Continental metaphysics, especially in the traditions growing out of Kant and represented most egregiously by Hegel and his followers.
Some Main Problems of Philosophy (Collier 1953) consists of 20 lectures that Moore gave in 1910-11 on many areas of philosophy. A worthwhile book on Moore is G. E. Moore by Thomas Baldwin (Routledge 1990). Origins of Analytical Philosophy by Michael Dummett (Harvard University Press 1996) supplements, and in some ways diverges from, the account of the subject that I give. Contemporary Readings in Logical Theory (Macmillan 1967) edited by Irving M. Copi and James A. Gould is an extensive collection of classic articles on formal logic, its history, development, and many other aspects.
Is the president of Canada the same or different from the present king of Canada? Is the nonexistent president of Canada a woman? Can a nonexistent woman be a king? Why not? Do these questions even make sense? None of these problems is insurmountable. There are Meinongians today in philosophy, fortunately only a very few, and they are by no means considered to be kooks. Nevertheless, the problems with Meinongianism were severe enough in Russell's view to demand an alternative. Russell's theory of definite descriptions offers that alternative.