A Concise History of Australia (Cambridge Concise Histories) by Stuart Macintyre

By Stuart Macintyre

Australia is the final continent to be settled via Europeans, however it additionally sustains a humans and a tradition tens of hundreds of thousands years outdated. for a lot of the previous 2 hundred years the rookies have sought to interchange the outdated with the recent. This booklet tells how they imposed themselves at the land, and taken know-how, associations and ideas to make it their very own. It relates the development from penal colony to a filthy rich unfastened kingdom and illustrates how, as a country created via waves of beginners, the quest for binding traditions used to be lengthy annoyed by means of the sensation of rootlessness, till it got here to phrases with its origins. The 3rd version of this acclaimed publication recounts the main components - social, fiscal and political - that experience formed modern day Australia. It covers the increase and fall of the Howard executive, the 2007 election and the apology to the stolen iteration. greater than ever sooner than, Australians draw at the earlier to appreciate their destiny.

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In both cases discipline was enforced by the lash; floggings of up to 5 00 strokes could be administered but only on the order of a magistrate. For the recalcitrant there were further sanctions including removal to the special penal settle­ ment established at Newcastle in r 804. Supplementing these deter­ rents there was the inducement of a 'ticket-of-leave' that entitled the well-behaved convict to work on his own account, which was an innovation of Governor King. Those female convicts who did not have partners or were not assigned to domestic service performed lighter labour; though some were flogged in the early years, their usual punishment was confinement.

He figures in inter­ national debates among anthropologists in a postcolonial age as a crucial test case of the limits of one culture to comprehend another. In white Australian histories Cook is a fading hero, in Aboriginal oral narratives he is a powerful and disruptive intruder. He did not so much discover Australia as make it accessible to European travel, available for British settlement. The decision to settle was taken by the British government fifteen years after Cook and Banks returned with their reports of New South Wales.

1 60 0-1792 23 The difference is not simply one of economic opportunity. The Pacific signifies peace, a far-flung constellation of island people liv­ ing in harmony with nature, where the colonial imagination could find a soft primitivism of noble savages predisposed to friendship and hospitality. Asia, on the other hand, presented a dense tangle of peoples with polities, cultures and traditions even more deeply embedded than those of Europe. As the late-developing nation­ states on the Atlantic seaboard imposed control over the older civilisations of the Eurasian continent, they hardened a distinction between the West and the East.

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