By A. B. Bosworth, E. J. Baynham
Вокруг имени Александра Македонского сложилось множество легенд. Эта работа представляет собой подборку исследований крупных западных историков, в которых производится попытка отделить правду от вымысла.
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Additional info for Alexander The Great In Fact And Fiction
4. 22. 6; 5. 3. 5–6; Diod. 17. 86. 4; Curt. 8. 12. 5; Metz Epit. 49. On the problems of the tradition see Bosworth 1995: 2. 146–7, 220–1. 76 For a typical instance see Bosworth 1996a: 159–60. The legalities observed by the Spaniards could verge on the bizarre, as with the famous ‘Requirement’, which was supposed to be read to Indians before any combat and presented the Spanish claims to empire (Gibson 1968: 58–60; Thomas 1993: 71–5). 77 Leon-Portilla 1962: 64. On the Indian tradition see Thomas 1993: 283.
23. 1, a very dry and succinct statement of the difficulties: ØdÏn calep¶n ka≥ £poron t-n ƒpithde≤wn, t-n te £llwn ka≥ Œdwr pollacoı t∫ strati9 oÛk Án: åll¤ n»ktwr ]nagk3zonto g[n poll¶n pore»esqai. 32 Arr. 6. 23. 4–5. 33 Recounted in a context dominated by Nearchus in Strabo 15. 2. 5–6 (721–2) with the statement of motivation (below, n. 43) anticipated at 15. 1. 5 (686) and ascribed directly to Nearchus. The same material is found, more rhetorically elaborated, in Arr. 6. 24. 1–27. 1, and again Nearchus is mentioned as a source (6.
28 Brian Bosworth comparable to Alexander’s passage of Gedrosia. The hardships were comparable: starvation and exhaustion predominating. Cortés’ forces were often stranded for weeks at a time, while his Indian followers were impressed into engineering works, constructing vast log bridges and causeways at great human cost. Not surprisingly Cortés himself minimizes the hardships. 16 He somewhat weakens the effect by adding that, as his road lay inland, the supplies were of very little use. In his description of the march he does not deny that there were problems with hunger, particularly while building the bridge over the San Pedro Mártir,17 but they were promptly relieved once his forces crossed over into Acalan.