By National Research Council (U. S.)
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Energy touches our lives in numerous methods and its expenses are felt after we replenish on the fuel pump, pay our domestic heating accounts, and maintain companies either huge and small operating. There are long term expenditures besides: to the surroundings, as common assets are depleted and pollutants contributes to international weather switch, and to nationwide defense and independence, as a few of the world's present strength assets are more and more focused in geopolitically risky areas. The country's problem is to increase an strength portfolio that addresses those issues whereas nonetheless offering enough, cheap strength reserves for the nation.
the us has huge, immense assets to place in the back of recommendations to this strength problem; the limitation is to spot which recommendations are definitely the right ones. sooner than finding out which strength applied sciences to increase, and on what timeline, we have to comprehend them better.
America's power Future analyzes the potential for quite a lot of applied sciences for new release, distribution, and conservation of strength. This booklet considers applied sciences to extend strength potency, coal-fired energy new release, nuclear energy, renewable power, oil and usual fuel, and substitute transportation fuels. It deals a close overview of the linked affects and projected expenditures of enforcing each one expertise and categorizes them into 3 time frames for implementation.
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Additional resources for America's Energy Future: Technology and Transformation
America's Energy Future: Technology and Transformation Context and Challenges • • 33 assumptions, the committee judges that they are sufficiently robust to be useful for rough comparisons. The report does not provide an evaluation of the full range of options for reducing energy use. 17 The focus of this report is on the assessment of technologies that address the first factor—improving the efficiency of energy use. It addresses energy conservation only insofar as conservation is affected by the deployment of more energy-efficient technologies.
The 1990 and 2007 point estimates have been rounded to two significant figures. Source: Energy Information Administration, 2008b. 0. Source: Energy Information Administration, 2008b. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. 5 Annual per capita energy use (in million Btu per capita) as a function of gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing-power parity per capita. A progression over time for several representative countries is shown. GDP is a measure of economic activity.
Nuclear plants, coal plants, and natural gas combined cycle (NGCC) plants is shown in 10-year intervals, as measured from their initial year of operation projected to 2007. Only plants that are used primarily for retail electricity production are shown. Natural gas single-cycle plants are not shown because they are intended for peaking rather than baseload generation. Many of these baseload plants have been upgraded since plant operations commenced. html). Copyright © National Academy of Sciences.