An Awkward: The bombing of Darwin, February 1942 by Peter Grose

By Peter Grose

An ungainly: The bombing of Darwin, February 1942 КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: Allen & UnwinАвтор(ы): Peter GroseЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2009Количество страниц: 281ISBN: 9781741756432Формат: pdf (e-book)Размер: 2,3 mbDarwin was once a conflict Australia could fairly fail to remember. but the japanese assault on 19 February 1942 was once the 1st wartime attack on Australian soil. the japanese struck with a similar carrier-borne strength that devastated Pearl Harbor basically ten weeks past. there has been a distinction. extra bombs fell on Darwin, extra civilians have been killed, and extra ships have been sunk. The raid ended in the worst dying toll from any occasion in Australia. The attackers bombed and strafed 3 hospitals, flattened retailers, workplaces and the police barracks, shattered the publish workplace and communications centre, wrecked govt apartment, and left the harbour and airfields burning and ruined. the folks of Darwin deserted their city, leaving it to looters, a number of anti-aircraft batteries and a handful of dogged defenders with single-shot .303 rifles. but the tale has remained within the shadows. Drawing on long-hidden records and first-person bills, Peter Grose tells what particularly occurred and takes us into the lives of the folks who have been there. there has been a lot to be happy with in Darwin that day: braveness, mateship, decision and improvisation. however the darkish aspect of the tale includes looting, desertion and a calamitous failure of management. Australians ran away simply because they didn't recognize what else to do. soaking up, lively and fast moving, an ungainly fact is a compelling and revealing tale of the day battle relatively got here to Australia, and the motley bunch of squaddies and civilians who have been left to protect the country. RAPIDили IFOLDER zero

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Military orthodoxy at the time said that a navy needed to be able to field 150 per cent of the enemy’s strength before it could be confident of mounting a successful attack. With Japan at 70 per cent of either country’s strength, Britain or America would need one-and-a-half times that to be confident of success, or 105 per cent of what they had. At T 27 An Awkward Truth 28 ◆ 9/1/09 12:59 PM Page 28 A N AW K WA R D T R U T H 70 per cent Japan would be safe from attack. At 60 per cent it would be exposed to (likely successful) attack by 90 per cent of either the British or American navies.

But, more to the point, they drank and ate. The adults enjoyed a beer, smoked cigarettes, and drove cars that needed parts and petrol. Women and children required An Awkward Truth 9/1/09 12:59 PM Page 45 ONE SUITCASE, ONE SMALL CALICO BAG ◆ 45 doctors and dentists and hospitals and schools and teachers and what were delicately referred to as sanitary services (Darwin had no sewerage system).

On the elbow was a turntable operated by a steam-driven ‘donkey engine’. A locomotive could shunt rail cars as far as the turntable but not beyond. The turntable would accommodate only two cars at a time. The carriages were then dragged two at a time by hand a further 100 metres to put them alongside the ships being unloaded. A maximum of five carriages at any one time could be accommodated on the loading arm of the wharf. Once a carriage was loaded it would then be pushed, again by hand, back to the turntable.

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