By Shahdad Naghshpour

Information is the department of arithmetic that offers with actual existence difficulties. As such, it truly is a necessary instrument for economists. regrettably, the way in which the idea that is brought to scholars isn't really appropriate with the best way the economists imagine and examine. the matter is worsened by way of mathematical jargon and intricate derivations. even if, as this publication demonstrates, nor is valuable. The publication is written in easy English with minimum use of symbols. the entire examples and workouts within the booklet are built in the box of economics, hence casting off the trouble of studying facts with examples from fields that experience no relation to enterprise, politics, or coverage. facts isn't really tougher than economics. someone which may understand economics can comprehend and use statistics effectively. The e-book makes use of Microsoft Excel to acquire statistical effects, in addition to to accomplish extra important computations. even if the Excel spreadsheet isn't the software program of selection for appearing refined statistical research, it truly is broadly to be had and nearly everybody has some extent of familiarity with Excel.

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**Extra info for Statistics for Economics**

**Example text**

Some are very similar to the methods used in quantitative methods, but their interpretations are usually broader. Tabular Methods for Quantitative Variables There are three commonly used tabular descriptive statistics for quantitative variables. They are frequency distribution, relative frequency distribution, and cumulative distribution. Frequency Distribution for Quantitative Variables A frequency distribution shows the frequency of occurrence for non-overlapping classes. Unlike the qualitative frequency distribution, there are no set and predefined classes or groups.

66, 58, 71, 73, 64, 70, 66, 55, 75 65, 57, 71, 72, 63, 71, 65, 55, 71 Solution R = 75 – 55 = 20 Interquartile Range The interquartile range is a measure of dispersion that measures the distance between the first and the third quartiles. 3, obtain the interquartile range for the combined data. 66, 58, 71, 73, 64, 70, 66, 55, 75 65, 57, 71, 72, 63, 71, 65, 55, 71 Solution Combine and sort the data. 55, 55, 57, 58, 63, 64, 65, 65, 66, 66, 70, 71, 71, 71, 71, 72, 73, 75 Q2 Q3 Q1 IQR = 71 – 63 = 12 The IQR can be used to find the “middle class” of a population or a sample.

In actual research we seldom, if ever, know population parameters, which necessitate collecting samples and obtaining sample statistics to make inference about the unknown population parameters. It is possible to have a small population, for example, the population can consist of the two children in a household but usually they are of little use in economic studies. If one of few extreme members of the population appears in a sample, especially a small sample, the impact will be detrimental. Remember the sample mean, a statistics, is used to estimate the population mean, a parameter.